ICC (International Color Consortium)

The International Color Consortium was established in 1993 to create and promote the standardization and evolution of an open, vendor-neutral, cross-platform color management system architecture and components. The primary objective is to ensure that colors are consistently represented across various devices such as monitors, printers, and scanners.


Color Management Authority


  1. Professional Photography: A professional photographer uses an ICC profile to ensure that the colors captured in digital photos appear the same when displayed on various monitors and are consistent when printed. This guarantees that the final prints match the photographer's original vision.

  2. Graphic Design: Graphic designers rely on ICC profiles to create artworks that maintain color integrity across digital platforms and print media. For instance, a logo designed using specific colors must look identical whether viewed online, printed on business cards, or on large marketing banners.

  3. Commercial Printing: Printing companies extensively use international standard color profiles to manage colors accurately across different printing presses and substrates. Consistent color reproduction is critical for brand recognition and customer trust when printing consumer goods packaging.

  4. Textile Industry: In textile manufacturing, especially in fashion and home decor, ICC profiles help ensure that the colors used in design software are accurately translated into fabric dyes. This is crucial for items like matching sets of bedding or clothing collections, where color consistency is critical.


  • Regular Calibration: Regularly calibrate all devices involved in the color workflow, including monitors, printers, scanners, and digital cameras. Calibration ensures that each device correctly interprets and displays colors based on the ICC profiles.

  • Education and Training: Invest in staff training on the importance and use of ICC profiles. Understanding color management techniques is crucial for designers, photographers, and print operators.

  • Use Consistent Lighting Conditions: Evaluate and adjust colors under consistent lighting conditions to avoid discrepancies caused by varying light sources. Lighting significantly affects how colors are perceived and should match standard viewing conditions, as the ICC recommends.

  • Validate and Update Profiles Regularly: Regularly check and update ICC profiles to align with the latest standards and technologies. Color management technologies and standards can evolve, requiring updates to existing profiles.

  • Embed ICC Profiles in Files: Always embed the appropriate ICC profiles into digital files before sharing or printing. This ensures that the receiving device interprets the colors correctly.

Learn more by contacting American Print and Bindery today.